About Houston County

Houston County was the 51st county formed in Georgia and was created in 1821 through a treaty signed with the Creek Indians. The county was named for Governor John Houstoun and was originally spelled "Houstoun." Perry, the county seat and geographic center of the state of Georgia was incorporated in 1824 as Houston's first official town.

Houston County has grown in population from 105,808 in 1998 to a current population of 149,111. Twenty-three public schools (K-12) have been recognized as Georgia Schools of Excellence and four schools have been named National Blue Ribbon Schools.


2010 Census: 139,900
Percent Change, 2000-2010: 26.3%
Living in Unincorporated Area: 37.7%
Caucasian: 63.3
African American: 28.6%
Hispanic: 6.1%


Please visit the Houston County Board of Education website at


Total Area: 375.54 square miles
Size Rank of 159 Counties: 67
Acres of Land in Farms: 75,445
Miles of Roads: 1088.2
Paved: 94.5%


2000 Median Household Income: $45,263
2000 Persons Below Poverty Level: 8.4%
2000 Average Weekly Wage: $590.00
2000 Retail Sales: $1.3 billion
2010 Total Housing Units: 58,325
2010 Housing Units Occupied: 91.0%